Akbar Tomb Sikandra is the perfect example of the assimilation of various styles of architecture representing the culture and history of the Mughals in India. The tomb has domes, balconies, windows with jalis and other structures which depicts Hindu architecture. The Age of Personality Architecture, Akbar, 1556-1605 Pp.32+319, Halftone Plates 284, Colour Plates 16, Line Figures 111 This is the second volume of 4-volume series History of Mughal Architecture. One of the earliest … Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience), Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh, India. Akbar and architecture: The history of Mughal architecture really starts with Akbar. He was also a patron of art and architecture. The artisans who migrated with his father from Persia brought in their styles, which mingled with the indigenous styles of India. It was made in the year 1575 to celebrate Emperor Akbar's success in conquering Gujarat and is a fine blend of Persion and mughal architecture. AKBAR. This tomb is housed in a large walled garden on the Delhi-Agra road. Just as Akbar built up an extensive empire on the goodwill of the Hindus, in the same way he utilised local talent and took inspiration from Indian architecture. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/art/Akbar-period-architecture, Indianetzone - Mughal Architecture During Akbar. Akbar’s architecture refers to the style of Indo-Islamic architecture conceived during the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar using elite Indic architectural vocabulary. Most of Akbar`s buildings are in red sandstone, exempted at times through marble Fatehpur Sikri which is located 26 miles west of Agra. The architecture of the Akbar period is characterized by a strength made elegant and graceful by its rich decorative work, which reflects many traditional Hindu elements. MUGHAL EMPIRE: AKBAR • Akbar came to throne in 1556 after the death of this father Humayun. Mughal architecture is the type of Indo-Islamic architecture developed by the Mughals in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries throughout the ever-changing extent of their empire in the Indian subcontinent. Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak, Akbar's court chronicler, and one of his 'Navratnas' or nine gems of his court, describes the architects and designers as lofty minded mathematicians and says the Emperor's style of architecture was understandable only to the scientifically oriented. One of the most remarkable constructions in India is the Red Fort of Agra, the capital of the Moghuls which he established. He constructed a large number of buildings at Agra, Fatehpur Sikri, Lahore, Allahabad and […] Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The use of red sandstone inlaid with white marble and painted designs on walls and ceiling are the salient ­features of Akbar's buildings. As with all the other administrative and political aspects of Akbar's imperial career, it was Sher Shah Suri's architecture that he drew inspiration from. The magnificent entrance, use of exquisite patterns, excellent jaali work (intricately perforated decorative stone screens), fine Persian style calligraphy, the charbagh garden layout (four-quartered garden layout, with the main building at the center), etc., are representative of Islamic influence. The tomb of Akbar is done in typical style and symmetry of various monuments during the Mughal era. The main entranceway, which is known as the Delhi gate, is attractively decorated with white marble inlay against the warm red sandstone. It was the first location in India to be designated a UNESCO World Heritage site (1983). Akbar period architecture, building style that developed in India under the patronage of the Mughal emperor Akbar (reigned 1556–1605). 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