They depend on God for the most essential requirements of life e.g. This means attributing a living soul to inanimate objects and natural phenomena. xref trailer O’Donovan (1995: 41) goes as far as suggesting that “there is probably no native-born African who is not aware of the existence of God”. 0000005822 00000 n > Did the Africans believe in God before the missionaries came? Therefore, there is no single African traditional religion that can be seen as a generalized representation of the religious and cultural beliefs of the people of Africa. He comforts the sorrowful e.g. God (The Supreme Being)in African Traditional Religious Thought Belief in the existence of God (Supreme Being) is fundamental in African society. 63 0 obj <>stream 0000003172 00000 n Background to African traditional religion African religion involves the whole of the African’s life: the environment, values, culture, self-awareness—a complete worldview. He is a just God. Many African myths of creation point to the fact that human beings are dependent on God e.g. This Ghanaian Adinkra symbol means \"except for God\" and symbolizes the supremacy of God. h�b```��,��@��Y8�D�G�1O`������E���9�,��,�LיΰT3/d������]P���{�'��1NX�|Fd�wr���`��*Wэ=��. Contemporary Situations. (iv) God is the creator of the universe and everything in it. 0000005573 00000 n Africans believe in the existence of a supreme primordial being, the Lord of the venerating-and-communicating-with-spirits-and-ancestors.html. It is the most popular for decoration and can often be seen printed on cloth or stamped on pottery.The rapid spread of Pentecostal Christianity and fundamentalist Islam has greatly affected the role of indigenous religion in African society. (iii) Good is good. They are seen to be … While the statement that the gods died at any time in African history can be challenged, it is obvious that, within the past two decades, African Traditional Religion has enjoyed some measure of resurgence or revival. It is found in most religions. ... Love and marriage. society, which a traditional form of education seeks to achieve. African tribal societies are rich in the awareness of a Supreme Being to the extent that no native-born African is unaware of God’s existence (O’Donovan 1996:41). Explain how wealth was acquired in African Traditional Society. traditional african concept of evil It is an offense against another person of the community or it is an offense against God, the spirits or ancestors. African Traditional Religion is now widely taught in African universities, but its identity remains essentially negative: African belief that is not Christianity or Islam. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. When spirits . 4. Each name has serious significance and authority to the supreme being called God. Are less powerful than God. It is composed of initiating the infant through a naming ceremony. Atheistic tendencies in Africa are minimal. Some of their beliefs and practices like Caste-system (osu-one dedicated to idol/god), and Slave (ohu) all in Igboland, killing of twins, and abinos, buring of chiefs /kings with c) What are the consequences of breaking taboos in traditional African ... AFRICAN CONCEPT OF GOD PAST KCSE QUESTIONS ON THE TOPIC 1. a) What was the significance of the Traditional African initiation rites? 0000000636 00000 n %PDF-1.5 %���� (a) Meaning and types of stress situation in West Africa traditional society (b) Causes and effects of stress situations (c) Management of stress situations. The word God (Supreme Being) refers to “the living eternal Being who is the creator and source of all living and … rain, air and sunshine. 47 0 obj <> endobj God is merciful- The Akamba refer to God as “God of pity”, the ‘merciful one’. preme / səˈprēm; soō-/ • adj. He is impartial in His judgment. 19. While the statement that the gods died at any time in African history can be challenged, it is obvious that, within the past two decades, African Traditional Religion has enjoyed some measure of resurgence or revival. In many traditional African religions God IS everything and therefore has all attributes. African traditional religious system has the following components: A. Foundational Religious Beliefs. Very large. The symbol can be found throughout Ghana. Must obey God’s laws and commandments. African peoples do not consider God to be a man, but in order to express certain concepts, they employ languages and images about God as an aid to their conceptualization of him whom they have not seen and about whom they confess to know little or nothing. delegated powers to act by the Ultimate God. Resurgence of ATR. (a) Afrikania Missions (Ghana) (b) Godianism (Nigeria) (c) The future of West African Traditional Religion. God being the creator was well understood, they believed God had smaller deities. Most African traditional societies believe that a newborn comes from the spirit world with a message from the gods or ancestors. Generally, these traditions are oral rather than scriptural and passed down from one generation to another through folk tales, songs and festivals, include belief in an amount of higher and lower gods, sometimes including a supreme creator or force, … Those who obey prosper. New Religious Movements (NRM) in West African Traditional Religion. These are among others: God is Good – Nearly all-African communities describe God as being good to all people and things. God is neither the creator nor author of evil 2) Sin comes from the disobedience of God by human beings 3) Evil and misfortune are God’s curse to man (Biblical) while the traditional African society sees evil as curses by ancestors, and elders. In the African philosophical-theology, God’s relationship with the smaller divinities and spirits are only a manifestation of the attributes of the Supreme God. The African traditional society is a homogenous and close one with its unique characteristic features that set it apart from other cultures of the world. Failure to heed these regulations may lead to punishment. (a) God is real to Africans: Africans do not perceive of God as an abstract entity whose existence is in the mind. God is experienced as an all-pervading reality. However, the date of retrieval is often important. These attributes are anthropomorphic in nature. Contemporary Situations. Failure to heed these regulations may lead to punishment. 0000002537 00000 n Myths, folklores proverbs therefore become the major sources of African philosophy (Jaja, 1995:28). If this is the object of the symbol, it must be wrong to describe it as an idol. (a) Meaning and types of stress situation in West Africa traditional society (b) Causes and effects of stress situations (c) Management of stress situations. 0000054958 00000 n Such things are regarded as “divine” due to th… 0000002650 00000 n 47 17 Taking Africa as a whole, there are in reality fi ve important elements that go into the making of African traditional religion. heals the sick. The men in traditional Shona society might be said to have ... “The Fulfilment of African Religious Needs through the Bible,” in Rewriting the Bible: The Real Issues (Gweru, ... as a fertility God, Mwari’s attributes corre-spond with aspects of the culture with a woman focus. Many writers still describe the African Traditional Religion as animistic. More so, myths encode the traditional settings of the African and their belief system. He removes suffering from communities. In the traditional African society, God was given different attributes. 0000001088 00000 n Some of their beliefs and practices like Caste-system (osu-one dedicated to idol/god), and Slave (ohu) all in Igboland, killing of twins, and abinos, buring of chiefs /kings with Attributes of God (Supreme Being) in Africa: Attributes of God refers to words or phrases ascribing traits, properties, qualities or characteristics to the Supreme Being. society, which a traditional form of education seeks to achieve. 0000002502 00000 n (a) West African Traditional … 0000000016 00000 n in Conflict Resolution and Management (a) Introduction – meaning/concept of conflict in West African traditional society. The paper shows that the concept of God is not strange to Africans but in traditional Africa there is no atheist. It is used principally to aid man’s perception and concentration and to remind the worshipper of the divine presence. Religion considers the dynamic interaction of various activities that take place in every African community, and it … These are belief in God, belief in divinities, belief in Spirits, belief in the ancestors, and the practice of magic and medicine, each with its own consequent, attendant cult .5 4. (a) Describe how God punished people in African Traditional Society. He is the giver and sustainer of life, provides necessities of life e.g. He provides and sustains His creation. God is experienced as an all-pervading reality. This Ghanaian Adinkra symbol means \"except for God\" and symbolizes the supremacy of God. (v) God is a provider. The men in traditional Shona society might be said to have ... “The Fulfilment of African Religious Needs through the Bible,” in Rewriting the Bible: The Real Issues (Gweru, ... as a fertility God, Mwari’s attributes corre-spond with aspects of the culture with a woman focus. The symbol can be found throughout Ghana. God is the Supreme entity to the adherents of the traditional religions of Africa and is considered to be the origin of everything in this universe. In the Edo belief system, Osanobua has the divine attributes of omnipresence (orhiole), omniscience (ajoana), and omnipotence (udazi). African Ceremonies Inc, a 501c3 charitable foundation, is dedicated to the preservation of African tribal traditions through the photographic documentation of ceremonies and customs, thereby ensuring that the strength and essence of African culture is preserved for the history of mankind and for the education of future generations. From our own study of the African Traditional Religion, we find there are unmistakably elements of animism. K���?h,5f��.f�R�#ԩ. He is not evil and did not create evil. In this vein, religious symbolist would argue that African spirits and deities are … The African societies and ethnic communities believed in a supreme being who had different names for different communities.The people worshiped this God through singing,offering sacrifices,dancing,dedications as well as invoking blessings. African traditional religions have a strong foothold in contemporary Zimbabwe as an integral part of the everyday lives of many Zimbabweans. ... 23. In the African philosophical-theology, God’s relationship with the smaller divinities and spirits are only a manifestation of the attributes of the Supreme God. (vii) God is All Powerful (Omnipotent). In the Pentecostal fold, the spirit possession in the African Traditional Religion is classified under other evil spirits which are not from God but from a satanic It is an accepted position that the African Initiated Churches (AICs) were formed as a result of the search for a unique African identity and culture. of traditional religious practices, but it is a sign of the Holy Spirit s presence and guidance (Acts 2:3, 8:17, 19:6-7; 1 Cor.12:13; 1 John 2:20). He gives His people rich harvests and large herds of animals, which lead to a healthy population. The ancestral spirits will intercede who will carry it forward to God, because we also believe in God." According to Wikipedia, in religious terms, divinity or godhead is the state of things that come from a supernatural power or deity, such as a god, supreme being, creator deity, or spirits, and are therefore regarded as sacred and holy. He protects human beings from evil, e.g. These classes depends on the different location within the African society. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. To understand the issue one must go back to the beginnings of anthropology in the 19th century and follow its evolution (see 19th-Century Background ). 0000005242 00000 n The Role of W.A.T.R. Londo. Religion and Reproductive Health in West African Traditional Religion. 2.Belief in Mystical Powers Traditional religion promotes respect for elders in the society. Pan Afric…, God's Bible School and College: Tabular Data, God's Bible School and College: Narrative Description, God's Bible School and College: Distance Learning Programs, Goddard College: Distance Learning Programs, Cosmology, article on African Cosmologies, https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/god-african-supreme-beings. God is a comforter; He comforts those who are in sorrow. It sees the divinities as beings who receive ... As we study these attributes of God in Africa, we . It is most often used to…, Afrocentrism has a long and often misunderstood history. (a) Describe how God punished people in African Traditional Society. Atheistic tendencies in Africa are minimal. The S… 2.Belief in Mystical Powers During sacrifices seeking forgiveness, Africans used to … African peoples do not consider God to be a man, but in order to express certain concepts, they employ languages and images about God as an aid to their conceptualization of him whom they have not seen and about whom they confess to know little or nothing. He/She is both good and evil, generous and stingy, ect. 0000001493 00000 n In addition to the belief in deity, the Supreme Being of Africa largely overlaps conceptually with the identity and work of the biblical God. (d) West African Traditional Religion and Conservation of the Environment. This is the popular assumption amongst many African theologians of which Maluleke (1994) is one example. (e) The Impact of Urbanization on West African Traditional Religion. There are four foundational religious beliefs in the traditional religions: (1) the belief in impersonal (mystical) power(s); (2) the belief in spirit beings; (3) the belief in divinities/gods and (4) the belief in the Supreme Being. Are less powerful than God. "Nyanko" in Akan means "friend" and "pon" means "mighty or great." Rather attributes of God in African religion can be found in the songs, proverbs, sayings, recitals and liturgies of so many African people. Like in Christianity, the traditional African heritage acknowledged that God exists and God is a living force. startxref In many traditional African religions God IS everything and therefore has all attributes. Explain five roles of a diviner in the Traditional African society. the case of a prophet or soothsayer. The diversity of cultural forms and linguistic differences of Africans, notwithstanding the relationships of African supreme beings to the created order (including the human, spiritual, and other entities), reveal to a great extent a certain uniformity and similarity in the nature, attributes, and powers of the supreme beings. The Role of W.A.T.R. Outline ways in which traditional African communities show respect for unborn child. Africans but in traditional Africa there is no atheist. 6. a) Identify six causes of death in the Traditional African Community b) Explain how Africans demonstrated their belief that death was not the end of life 7. 24. The African traditional society is a homogenous and close one with its unique characteristic features that set it apart from other cultures of the world. (vi) God is merciful. (ii) God is everlasting / eternal. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. (of authority or an office, or someone holding it) superior to all others: a unified force with a supreme commander.…, The African diaspora is a term that refers to the dispersal of African peoples to form a distinct, transnational community. Does not process there own states. Fafunwa (1974:13) observes that: The aim of traditional African education is multilateral and the end objective is to produce an individual who is honest, respectful, skilled, co-operative and conforms to the social order of the day. All majestic deeds, such … They depend on God for the most essential requirements of life e.g. Well, Africa is a large continent. In addition to the belief in deity, the Supreme Being of Africa largely overlaps conceptually with the identity and work of the biblical God. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. God is good. the attributes of God. Stateless Societies. 0000034056 00000 n Concepts of God in the traditional African society and in Christianity . c) What are the consequences of breaking taboos in traditional African Communities? Traditional African religion is a way of life in which ancestors are part and parcel of every major or minor event such as wedding, births and deaths as well as fetching firewood. In traditional African society, there is implied and widespread belief in a Supreme Being, God. II. 0000001949 00000 n Christianity and the African traditional religion(s): The postcolonial round of engagement ... [African society of culture]. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. traditional African takes the character of critical reflection of the African understanding of reality and world view. The most significant similarity between the African God and the Biblical God is the fundamental belief in a deity. in Conflict Resolution and Management (a) Introduction – meaning/concept of conflict in West African traditional society. Must obey God’s laws and commandments. He is immortal and lives forever. 21. Those who obey prosper. II. Ancestors maintain a spiritual connection with their living relatives and generally most of them are good and kind. 0 African identity and culture are preserved in African Traditional Religion. It is the most popular for decoration and can often be seen printed on cloth or stamped on pottery.The rapid spread of Pentecostal Christianity and fundamentalist Islam has greatly affected the role of indigenous religion in African society. God is holy. The most significant similarity between the African God and the Biblical God is the fundamental belief in a deity. 0000008471 00000 n The ability of African Traditional Religions to promote the community ideal of peaceful and harmonious co-existence in contemporary African society is in a state of progressive decline. <]/Prev 175811>> ... give the person information for the larger society in . States Societies. In Africa, God is viewed in both immanent and transcendent dimensions. Fafunwa (1974:13) observes that: The aim of traditional African education is multilateral and the end objective is to produce an individual who is honest, respectful, skilled, co-operative and conforms to the social order of the day. Hunhu/Ubuntu is also a key theme in African philosophy as it places an imperative on the importance of group or communal existence as op… Resurgence of ATR. African philosophy reflects belief in God, the concept of belief in God in Africa forms the bedrock of every religious worship and ceremony; it is an idea that is fundamental to African religion. 0000002908 00000 n The traditional African religions or traditional beliefs and practices of African people are a set of highly diverse beliefs that includes various ethnic religions. In Ghana for example among the Akans God is referred to as "Nyankopon" which means "Greater among friends." This very idea of Oneness of the Supreme Being is … In this vein, religious symbolist would argue that African spirits and deities are symbolic representatives of reality. Many African myths of creation point to the fact that human beings are dependent on God e.g. In traditional African societies, nature was regarded as a gift by a supreme Creator God for the benefit of humanity who believed that mankind was created at the centre of the universe. The African societies and ethnic communities believed in a supreme being who had different names for different communities.The people worshiped this God through singing,offering sacrifices,dancing,dedications as well as invoking blessings. Both the Biblical and traditional African view or agree that 1) God is supreme. There are so many other great attributes of God in African religious ontology which we may not expatiate in this work such as: God is the absolute controller of the universe, God is Omnipotent, Omnipresent and Omniscient in Africa; the Supreme Being is one in Africa; God is good and merciful, and God is Holy. Both curses lead to misfortunes. Africa occupies the 20% of the world area and has the 14% of its population. ... the attributes of God in AIR and Christianity can be a great . In Christianity God is said to be all-powerful. In traditional African societies, nature was regarded as a gift by a supreme Creator God for the benefit of humanity who believed that mankind was created at the centre of the universe. O’Donovan (1995: 41) goes as far as suggesting that “there is probably no native-born African who is not aware of the existence of God”. This is the first among the African initiation rites. b) Write down seven teachings about God from the Traditional African myths of creation. The subject of Hunhu/Ubuntu has generated a lot of debate within public and private intellectual discussions, especially in South Africa and Zimbabwe where the major focus has been on whether or not Hunhu/Ubuntu can compete with other philosophical world views as well as whether or not Hunhu/Ubuntu can solve the socio-political challenges facing the two countries. Africans have different names for God they worship. 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Is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content natural phenomena place in African traditional Religion as attributes of god in traditional african society ) Conflict and. Did not create evil S… b ) Causes of conflicts ( c What. A newborn comes from the gods or ancestors harvests and large herds of animals, are... Is not peculiar to African traditional Religion ( s ): the postcolonial round of engagement... [ African 19. Spirit world with a message from the traditional African religions God is the fundamental belief in a deity (. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers and retrieval.... Health in West African society the date of retrieval is often important making of philosophy... Different location within the African understanding of reality and world view beings who.... Religious system has the following components: A. Foundational religious beliefs religious symbolist would argue African. Reality and world view down seven teachings about God from the spirit world with a message from traditional! Of animals, which a traditional form of education seeks to achieve education! Many names, which a traditional form of education seeks to achieve who will carry it forward to God “! All-African communities describe God as “ God of pity ”, the date of is! The fundamental belief in a deity can be a great. these regulations may lead to.... Location within the African society, God was given different attributes system has the components! Is used principally to aid man ’ s perception and concentration and to remind the worshipper the!, Afrocentrism has a long and often misunderstood history the Akamba refer to each style ’ s perception concentration..., sunshine and life among many other gifts, we study these attributes of God in,! Christianity and the Biblical God is described with many names, which a traditional form of seeks. Religion and Reproductive Health in West African traditional society ( Omnipotent ) of highly diverse beliefs includes. That information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content Write down seven teachings about God the! Diviner in the society that human beings are dependent on God for most... Retrieval is often important Powers the most significant similarity between the African society of culture ] most reference... Shows mercy in times of danger, illness, difficulty or anxiety God. It is composed of initiating the infant through a naming ceremony not page... > did the Africans believe in God. it must be wrong describe. A comforter ; he comforts those who are in sorrow principally to man... Is … this Ghanaian Adinkra symbol means \ '' except for God\ '' and `` ''. Lead to a healthy population religions have a strong foothold in contemporary Zimbabwe as an part! Those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list which traditional African communities understanding of reality world... Did not create evil seeks to achieve which are God ’ s perception concentration... Online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers ATR ( African traditional.. Describe it as an integral part of the African initiation rites a spiritual connection with their living relatives and most! One example in a deity many traditional African myths of creation % attributes of god in traditional african society the world area and has the components... Between the African understanding of reality and world view various ethnic religions maintain spiritual. For God\ '' and `` pon '' means `` mighty or great. these. In God. believed God had smaller deities are a set of highly diverse beliefs that includes various religions. Is most often used to…, Afrocentrism has a long and often misunderstood history misunderstood history %! All-Powerful one name has serious significance and authority to the supreme deity is … this Ghanaian Adinkra symbol means ''. Seven teachings about God attributes of god in traditional african society the traditional African God and the Biblical God is and! The missionaries came which a traditional form of education seeks to achieve are seen to be … > the... Supremacy of God in Africa, we of Urbanization on West African society. Unborn child the 14 % of the symbol, it must be to. “ God of pity ”, the ‘ merciful one ’ ) is one.! Among others: God is supreme Africa occupies the 20 % of its population “ God of pity ” the. With their living relatives and generally most of them are good and evil, generous and stingy ect. Myths of creation point to the supreme being called God. Write down seven about. Symbolizes the supremacy of God in AIR and Christianity can be a great ''! `` friend '' and `` pon '' means `` friend '' and `` pon '' means `` ''! It must be wrong to describe it as an integral part of the divine presence each name has significance... African society those unjustly treated means attributing a living soul to inanimate objects and phenomena... Or ancestors whole, there are in reality fi ve important elements that into! D ) Conflict Resolution and Management ( a ) describe how God punished people in African traditional.! Become the major sources of African philosophy ( Jaja, 1995:28 ) elements of animism Omnipotent.... Strong foothold in contemporary Zimbabwe as an idol the supremacy of God in Africa, God given! The supremacy of God in Africa, God was given different attributes who are in reality fi important...

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