[i] Often retains less water than coir which means more watering is required. Coir affects human health and ecosystem quality more than peat. Types of Coco Peat for Plants. Kindly advise if what I am doing is correct. We figured since coco pith is made from the outer husk of coconuts, something that’s otherwise just thrown away, it was the more sustainable than peat moss. Coco Loco also doesn't compact to the point where roots have a hard time anchoring in the soil substrate. Both are natural and plant based. Needing less time to become saturated, coir also needs less water. The one drawback that’s difficult to get over is one regarding peat moss and its sustainability. It’s been found that the high potassium content of coir can interfere with calcium uptake. Effectiveness is another. To be fair, Coir comes in various textures and coarseness, which may increase its overall water-holding abilities, but they are not equal. Sphagnum moss and sphagnum peat moss, however, are two distinctly different materials. Peat moss can be used in the same manner as peat and works as a dry storage medium for bulbs. Perfect for acid-loving plants like azaleas, rhododendrons, roses and conifers. The one drawback that’s difficult to get over is one regarding peat moss and its sustainability. I add around 1/3 perlite in my mix for areation. Thanks. It often comes pressed into bricks, which have to be soaked to break them apart. Not everyone considers peat unsustainable. Peat moss is extracted from peat bogs that release billions of tons of greenhouse gasses per year, and take 1000’s of years to renew. However, coco peat is an excellent substitute for peat moss. This is repeated over and over, and after hundreds or even thousands of years these many layers of dead sphagnum moss form a bog. And here is the cherry on top. Pros. Because most plants cannot live in such extremely acidic conditions. Switching to coco peat. Oftentimes, peat moss is referred to as sphagnum peat moss as much of the decomposed material in a peat bog comes from sphagnum moss which commonly grows on the top of the bog. A natural, organic soil conditioner! can you use it straight or mixed with your favorite medium? IMHO, both products are sustainable. On the other hand, coco coir is much less acidic with a pH level of 5.2 to 6.8 This makes coco coir more suitable for most kinds of plants as it is very neutral. If you think of the coconut meat as the main crop of the coconut palm, then coir is a left-over leftover. The impacts by peat include transportation, land use change, CO2 production, and aquatic eutrophication (loss of bogs). Peat moss is harvested from bogs that have taken hundreds, if not thousands of years to form as dead plant material piled on dead plant material. Cation Exchange Capacity of 40-60. Coconut coir is a readily renewable, pH -neutral, non hydrophobic soil amendment that aerates, improves water retention, and is more environmentally friendly than peat moss. If coco peat is fast absorbing, peat moss will retain moisture longer. True mixing peat with clay soil and any organic manure/compost loosens up soil. And this is where the heart of the discussions lay. The peat is mixed with soil and manure from vermiculture to make a potting mixture. Let’s us know here, or over at our Facebook page. Rick. I use fabric pots (plastic pots require more perlite) in a flood/drain table, cycled 3-4 times per day depending on temp/humidity and plant size. Hydroponics is one thing. Coco is somewhere around 50-80 meq. Coir does saturate faster than peat moss, thereby using less water to “activate”. It’s renewable. Coir: is made from the pith element of the coconut husk (shell) First coco peat lasts much longer than plain peat plus it is disease resistant and holds moisture well. Sorry I was trying to remember where I saw it, but somewhere online there is a big thread discussing coco vs peat moss and lots of good info, I suggest you gooogle coco vs peat moss and look around. In addition, coco peat is not spoiled after use – it’s possible to wash and reuse coco peat once a gardening project has come to an end and the soil is no longer needed. Greener, organic and renewable, coco peat is being … Thanks very much. In contrast, peat moss has a finer and stronger texture so it holds water longer. The main reason justifying the adoption of coco coir is to be used as an environmentally friendly replacement of peat moss. At the same time, we heard whispers about how peatlands were being overly harvested. with very few draw backs. I used Coir alone 15 years ago when I first started out, with 90% WOW I LIKE IT. Mixing it with garden soil makes for a completely different proposition. Easier to rewet than peat moss, is not hydrophobic. Peat Moss is a material harvested from peat bogs far far away. Peat falls in the 100-200 meq/100g. Pros of Coco Coir: Coir pH usually runs 6 – 6.7. However, despite reports that coir has a greater water holding capacity, sphagnum peat moss holds 10 to 20 times its weight in water, while coir only holds an average of 8 to 9 times its weight. I am following this process for some of my plants where there is excess clay soil. Many fertile garden soils fall in 15-40 meq range. Can you use coconut coir with peat moss, perlite, or topsoil in a bag. Coco Peat is a sustainable, renewable resource that is revolutionizing agriculture around the globe. Excellent habitat for microorganisms. On the other side, the Oregon State University Extension Service makes a good case, based on sustainability, for using coir instead of peat. I got many complaints from customers of their baskets getting root rot over the last 3 years. While being acidic may be a disadvantage t… The peat bogs grow 70% more peat moss each year than is harvested. Most peat moss in the U.S. comes from Canada. Once harvested, it’s not coming back anytime soon. Each has its own list of beneficial nutrients it adds to the soil. Again, addition of calcium amendments can take care of this problem in garden soils. It is very decomposed organic matter that has collected in ecological and geological deposits over many earth ages. For 2016 I am going to mix my Coir with Peat and Compost at a ratio of 2/3 Coir, 1/6 Peat, and 1/6 compost, or reduce Peat and Compost down to 1/12 and use a completely seasoned, dry hardwood sawdust, which is excellent as being lightweight, wet or dry, allows the roots lots of oxygen, ease of growth and spreading. “No brand (of coir) performed consistently better than sphagnum peat,” it concludes. A study (link no longer active) from Utah State University found that in straight hydroponic growing situations (soilless, just peat or coir, both combined with perlite for drainage, and nutrient solution) found “poor plant growth in coir,” a result that’s contradicted by the success of all sorts of indoor growers using coir. Much smaller than peat moss bales, they will expand more than you'd believe when moistened. And that’s where the discussion comes in, on both the small drawbacks that can be compensated and the larger ones that can’t. Coconut coir, like Mother Earth® Coco (which is made in RHP-certified facilities to help ensure high quality), is often used as a substitute for peat moss in hydroponics systems and container gardening, and for good reason. Coco Peat is a sustainable, renewable resource that is revolutionizing agriculture around the globe. Coir can be high in salts. I am using fibre at the bottom of the pot for drainage, as our soil here is clay type. The Canadian Sphagnum Peat Moss Association, in it’s “Industry Social Responsibility Report” from 2014 makes an argument that peat is a resource they’re protecting. Soak compressed bale in water to expand. It absorbs water well and isn't hydrophilic like peat moss and peat-based mixes. A major switch from my previous grower who retired and moved to Hawaii, that used compost and perlite and a small amount of Peat. Can cost more than coir. I have grown many different plants types in just about every media type available. If you do the math that comes to one of every 6,000 acres of peat moss is harvested each year. Some brands are not only washed but composted, making for more balanced mineral delivery. Vermiculite 100-150 meq. Coir retains water in the long run better than such growing mediums as perlite and rock wool, which suggests it will retain water longer in the garden as well. Oh the sawdust can be obtained from any cabinet builders shop, usually for free. Available in compressed 5kg blocks — makes around 2 cubic feet or 16 gallons (65-70 liters) of expanded media. Mostly sourced from India and Sri Lanka, coco fibers are the husks of coconuts either decomposed or ground up. I forgot to add that there are other differences in peat vs. coco besides calcium, PH and salinity. I sell retail annuals and perennials, My grower uses pretty much just peat moss in her containers and baskets. Long popular with hydroponic growers for its water retention, its deterrence of fungus gnats and certain diseases, and its root-supporting structure, it carries these positives into the garden where it functions much like sphagnum moss. If coir is renewable, and peat is not, why not use coir, despite its minor drawbacks? Golden Seed, best moisture for the growing environment. Peat Moss vs Coco Peat: What Is The Best For Cannabis Growing. Coco has a more optimal pH for plant growth 5.5-7 vs Peat's 4.5 Coco drains better and has superior air porosity when compared to Peat. How to use and what you would use them for. With that data I consider peat definitely a renewable resource. What to Consider When Choosing a Pump for Hydroponics System? Nobody is suggesting that peat moss is an ineffective medium to aid plant growth – it is favoured by gardeners for a reason. Peat moss tends to have a PH of 4 or 5, making it acidic. Peat has the potential of absorbing excess soil moisture from clay soil which other wise would become sticky and slowly destroy the plant roots. If you have to use plants unattended for some time, they'll likely survive on the water stored in peat moss. It must be processed with wetting agents. They found that coir performed on par with peat. The brands we feature are the finest available. What matters most is that we as humans moderate our consumption. Once harvested, it’s not coming back anytime soon. 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